Some legends last forever
In continuation, he now takes us further down the lane less travelled, into history.
Here it is … in Prof. K.N.Kaul’s own words … ‘The Mughal Rule’.
At the time of the Mughals, a change came about. The Mughals came to rule India.
Babur was not a Mughal. From his mother’s side, he had Mongol blood but his father was a Turk. The Turks were under the rule of Genghis Khan and his descendants for many a years. For this reason, Babur’s father despised the Mongols. The original Mongols, who came from Mongolia, were fair skinned. Because of this, Babur’s father referred to them as ‘the colourless ones’.
Genghis Khan was born in Mongolia in an uncivilized age. The hard life made him grow up to be a brigand. He first looted his own people and then moved on to China, which bordered his lands, where he was captured and imprisoned.
His time in the Chinese prisons gave him a new kind of experience. The Chinese had progressed and were highly civilised. Genghis Khan learned much from the Chinese. His most valuable lesson was the use of gunpowder. The Chinese used gunpowder to make fireworks and were very adept at this.
The Chinese civilization is said to have begun more than 3000 years before Christ. At that time they had mastered the art of making silk from silkworm cultivation.
Later, the Buddhist religion reached China from India. Then, the decline of the Chinese civilization began. At this time, Confucius and Lao Tse, expounded their great philosophies.
From China, Buddhism reached Mongolia. At the same time, some Nestorian Christians also reached Mongolia.
After imprisonment in China, Genghis Khan was a changed man. He possessed the lion’s strength of a Mongol and a brutish nature, and he hunted with his teeth and claws. But, he had now learned to hunt in the Chinese manner.
Besides, fireworks he learned how to fill gunpowder in iron pipes, the mouths of which were filled with stone pellets. The walls of forts could now be felled. With these methods, Genghis Khan turned on the Chinese. Whenever Genghis Khan attacked the Chinese, he looted and then murdered.
It is said that in one of the battles, the Prime Minister of China was captured and brought before Genghis Khan.
The Prime Minister said to Genghis Khan, “When you have killed everyone, who will be left for you and your descendants to rule?”
Genghis Khan asked him, “Then what should I do? I know how to murder, not how to rule. You can take care of the business of ruling.”
In this manner, the last Prime Minister of China became the first Prime Minister of Genghis Khan’s kingdom and Chinese ‘secularism’ became a part of Mongol ethos.
Genghis Khan’s children were brought up in the Chinese tradition and even after they defeated the Turks in Turkey, the Chinese education continued.
From Turkey, the Mongols moved East and the people they defeated were also subjected to the Chinese influences.
When Babur came to India, he considered himself as a Turk. But, just as an Indian calls himself ‘Sahib’ and his wife ‘Memsahib’, the Mongols referred to themselves as ‘Mughals’ and their wives as ‘Mughalanis’.
The defeated people were instructed in Islam. But their barbarianism was still not destroyed from their roots. Chinese secularism still remained and when the Mongols reached India, they considered the Indians as friends and were just rulers.
…To be continued next Sunday in the 5th part as to how the Mughals reached Kashmir.